Ancient Indian Tradition & Mythology V.1 - Siva Purana - Part 1

Ancient Indian Tradition & Mythologyy V.1 - Siva Purana - Part 1
  • Item #: 0676
Ancient Indian Tradition and Mythology Vol. 1 Siva Purana Part 1 The Purana is a class of literature that treats of ancient religion, philosophy, history, sociology, politics and other subjects. It is an encylopaedia of various branches of knowledge and ancient wisdom. It has been defined as a class of solution of Manus, Ages of Manus, Genealgoies and the History of glorious kings. For dealing primarily with these subjects it has been called Pancalaksana a title that was incorporated in the Puranas themselves and had become popular by the Fifth Century A.D. for it was included by Amarasimha in his lexicon the Pancalaksana defintion was found inadequate. The Puranic redactors adopted a Dasalaksana definition that suited the contemporary text. Still the dynamic forces were at work and the process of insertion, modification and abridgement went on and it was soon discovered that the Dasalaksana definition that suited teh contemporary text. Still the dynamic forces were at work and the process of insertion, modification and abridgment went on and it was soon discovered that teh Dasalaksana definition too fell short of an actual fact. It was found that the purans contained certain aspects that were some of the characteristics covered by the Pancalaksana or Daslaksana definition were not found in certain Pruanas. In fact the Purana as a class represents the different phases and aspects o life of diverse ages. It is impossible position that contains heterogeneous phases and aspects, Moreover, a definition framed on the numerical basis of points is bound to be imperfect. The Puranas are divided into two classes - the Mahapuranas and the Upapuranas. Each class consists of eighteen puranas. Thus the number of the Puranas is thirty six. The Mahapuranas are classified into different categories - Vaisnava, Brahma, Saiva etc. in proportion as they accord preferential treatment to Visnu , Brahma, Siva and others. Sivapurana, as its title signifies is a Saiva Purana. It derives its designation from the fact that it eulogises teh glory and greatness of Siva, describes the ritual and philosophical principles of Siva cult, embodies descriptions, sermons and dissertations on the greatness of his divinity, recounts his emblems, attributes, exploits and incarnations, narrates legends on the origin and importance of his phallic image and dwells upon the merit of installing and consecration that image. In brief, Siva Purana is a sacred treatise of Siva's legends and ritual. The extant text of Sivapurana is arranged into seven Samhitas desinated as Vidyesvara, Rudra, Satarudra, Kotirudra, Uma Kailasa and Vayaviya. The second of these, narrative of Sati, the biography of Parvati, the birth and adventus of Kumara and Siva's battles. The seventh Samhita - Vayaviya - has two parts (Purvabhaga and Uttarabhaga) It is called Vayaviya, for though it was recited by the Suta at the Naimisa forest , it was originally proclaimed by Vayu at the advent of Svetakalpa. According to teh records of the Vayaviya, the original Sivapurna consisted of twelve Samhitas. That is to say, in addition to the extant seven there were five more Samhitas viz. Vainayaka, Matr, Rudraikadasa, Sahasrakoti, and Dharma. The complete group of twelve Samhitas comprised on hundred thousand Slokas. But five of the group were dropped in the couse of reconstruction and abridgement of the puranas. The extant Sivapurana is an abridged edition and comprises twenty four thousand Slokas The redaction was made by teh sage Krsna Dvaipayana Vyasa himself.
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