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Bhagavad Gita Demystified Volume 2 Understand and Evolve To begin with, let us see why Krishna has given us this chapter. Again and again Krishna speaks the same truth. Nothing else is spoken, only the same truth. Then what is the need for so many chapters? People can say that Krishna is repeating Himself. They may ask, `How many times must He say that the spirit is indestructible, or that all work must be done without expecting returns or that one must surrender to Him to reach salvation?’ People ask me, `To learn meditation, two minutes are enough. To learn what meditation is not, you need ten days!’ Krishna knows that Arjuna is just like us. He represents the sum total of humanity. Arjuna is the quintessence of humanity. To explain to a man or woman what needs to be done, and why it is right is not enough. The human mind will find a hundred reasons why ninety-nine other things are just as good. So the master must also tell why the other ninety-nine things are not the straight path, and why we must stick to those things that the master prescribes. That is exactly what Krishna does in the Bhagavad Gita. Again and again, the great master explains patiently why the ninety-nine other options are not really options to all. He does this to prove that the option He outlines sinks deeply into Arjuna’s consciousness. As a result, this truth also sinks into the consciousness of every individual who reads the Bhagavad Gita. In life, we learn and do many things that are not meditation. To unlearn all of these, it takes time. When we express the truth logically, our mind always goes to the other end of the logic. So we need to understand the truth from both ends. There is a beautiful philosophy in India, nyaya sastra, or the scripture of logic. According to this, any statement has two lines of logic. The first line of logic is regular logic; nyaya means regular. For example, if I make the statements, ‘All men have one head. Socrates is a man,’ we can easily conclude that the third statement will be: Socrates has one head. This is simple logic. There is another kind of logic, a higher-level logic. For example, let us say the first statement says, ‘There are two doors.’ The second statement says, ‘One door is open.’ An average person immediately jumps to the conclusion that the other door is closed. However, in this kind of logic we cannot jump to conclusion based on the first two statements. The second door may also be open. We don’t know. The two statements do not provide a specific conclusion. We cannot come to any conclusion unless we see that the second door is closed, or we are told that the second door is closed. In order that the listener, reader and disciple do not make mistake in the understanding, the master ensures that we know which door is open and which door is closed. It is not left to assumption on the basis of the disciple’s intelligence. But the master does not explain for that reason alone. When the truth sinks into us, it should sink in without a trace. It should sink in without resistance. However, when something is not fully explained and our mind detects options, such as figuring out which of the two doors is open, it starts on its own trip. It moves away from what is being explained. When this happens, instead of focusing on the substance of what is said, the mind gets constantly distracted and becomes tired. A tired mind makes mistakes. Usually, in life, we make mistakes when we jump to conclusions using the first kind of logic when we should have made those decisions using the second kind of logic. The moment somebody makes a statement. “You don’t have compassion ‘we immediately become defensive and say, ‘Do you mean to say I am cruel? You mean I am violent?’ We don’t have to jump to such a conclusion. He made a statement, ‘You are not compassionate.’ We don’t have to immediately think, ‘You mean I am not only for ourselves but also for others. Many times we make this mistake. When we handle our mind without awareness, again and again, we make this mistake. The words that we repeat inside our system create our whole life. The totality of the words we repeat inside ourselves in our mind is our life. Our life is nothing but words or thoughts in our mind. If our mind jumps to illogical conclusions like this, conclusions that are not straight, naturally we create trouble for ourselves and problems for others. When we are unaware we always jump to these types of conclusions. Ordinary masters express their philosophy or their experience with the second kind of logic. Which is why there is so much misunderstanding. There’s a possibility of missing their message. However, Krishna is a jagat guru (master of the universe). He is not an ordinary master. He is the master of the whole universe and He knows the minds of all possible types of human beings. He knows the problem of logic. He is delivering this message in such a way that we cannot jump to conclusions, or assume any statement in the flow of the logic. He makes all the three statements. He is clear. He says, ‘There are two doors, the first door is open, the second door is closed.’ He makes all three statements, so there is no need for us to assume! He protects us from ourselves. If we are allowed to assume, if we are allowed to jump to conclusions. We miss the truth. Not only do we miss the truth, we miss the whole message. Here Krishna does not allow us to jump to conclusions. He makes all three statements. What is supposed to be done, what is supposed to be avoided, why it should be done, and why something else should be avoided. He is clear about the whole thing. That is why He repeats the same truth in each chapter from a different level of logic each time. He makes the same statements, but from a different level of logic so that the people who hear it will not miss the message. In this whole chapter, Jnana Vijnana Yoga, He speaks about the same message from a different view.
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