SAKTI AND SAKTA

SAKTI AND SAKTA
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WHAT ARE THE TANTRAS AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE? – CHAPTER 3

 

A very common expression in English writings is “The Tantra”; but its use is often due to a misconception and leads to others. For what does Tantra mean? The word denotes injunction (Vidhi), regulation (Niyama), Sastra generally or treatise. Thus Samkara calls the Samkhya a Tantra. A secular writing may be called Tantra. For the following note I am indebted to Professor Surendranath Das Gupta. “The word ‘Tantra’ has been derived in the kasika-Vrtti (7-2-9) from the root ‘Tan’ ‘to spread’ by the Aunadika rule Sarvadhatubhyah tran, with the addition of the suffix ‘tran’. Vacaspati, Anandagiri, and Govindananda, however, derive the word from the root ‘Tatri’ of ‘Tantri’ in the sense of Vyutpadana, origination or knowledge. In Ganapatha, however, ‘Tantri’ has the same meaning as ‘Tan’ to spread’ and it is probable that the former root is a modification of the latter. The meaning Vyutpadana is also probably derived by narrowing the general sense of Vistara which is the meaning of the root ‘Tan’.”

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